The delivery of S-400, which puts pressure on the economy and causing tension in Ankara-Washington line, finally started after a long time. After the positive explanations of US president Donald Trump after his meeting with Turkish president Recep tayyip Erdoğan in G20 in Japan, people consider that the sanctions will be off the table with these defensibly comments of the US president. However, the US Defense and Foreign Ministries said their countries’ attitude towards the ‘negative’ consequences of the purchase of the S-400s remained unchanged.
One of the best air defense systems in the world, the S-400 represents the fourth generation of the missile defense system that Russia began to develop during the Cold War. The development of the S-400 began in 1993. The S-400s, which took a long time to complete due to budget cuts after the Cold War, began testing at the end of 1999, and the system was commissioned in 2007.
The S-400 is capable of destroying all types of manned or unmanned aircraft, as well as both navigation and ballistic missiles, with a maximum range of 400 kilometers and a maximum altitude of 30 kilometers. It can also hit 80 missiles simultaneously, locking two missiles at each target.
In 2012, after a fighter aircraft belongs to the Turkish Armed Forces downed by Syria upon the request of Turkey, the NATO members the US, Germany and the Netherlands placed two Patriot missile batteries in 2013 in Gaziantep, Adana and Kahramanmaras. In the same year, Ankara also allocated a $ 4 billion budget to strengthen and improve its air defense systemsChinese CPMIEC, which entered the tender, outperformed the French-Italian partnership Eurosam and Rosoboronexport from Russia and Raytheon and Lockheed Martin of the USA. The $ 3.4 billion agreement reached with China was completely shelved in 2015 upon the objection of NATO allies, especially the United States. The quest begins air defense system in Turkey in 2011 with the increase in Syria’s conflict.
In July 2017, the official negotiations for the purchase of S-400 from Ankara have started. If the process is completed Turkey, area air defense systems from Russia and NATO members would be the first use. NATO officials warned that the acquisition of the S-400 may have consequences; President Erdoğan, on the other hand, said that the ties with the alliance were intact. The grounds on Turkey’s S-400 purchase, for a long time strengthening the air defense system was the threat of war and terrorism studies at the southern border.
Now as the S-400 arrived in Turkey, the relations between Turkey- Russia and Turkey- US could open a new era.