Due to the industrialization of the country the percentage of GNP of the sector decreased from 10.1% in 2000 to 8.3% in 2009, GDP from agriculture in Turkey increased to 23375,13 Turkish liras THO in the second quarter of 2016 from 143267,3 Turkish liras THO in the first quarter of 2016. The percentage of the population working in the sector decreased from 24% in the first semester 2010 to %21 in 2016, together with the rise in production over the same period, it confirms the higher efficiency achieved by the resources dedicated to agricultural production.
Turkey produces a variety of agricultural products: grain, pulses, vegetables, fruit, as well as livestock, figs, apricots, and dried fruits. Turkey has been the lead producer for many of these products – for example 70% of the worldwide hazel nut production, and is one of the top ten producers of cherries, melons, spices, raspberries, pistachios, lentils, beans, watermelons and honey. Turkey has great potential in organic agriculture due to its experience and biodiversity, having increased the number of hectares dedicated to this to 486.069 in 2016, more than doubling over the last 12 years. The incentives provided by the Turkish government, the growth in population to 78 million, the rise in productive efficiency due to a greater automation, its geographically strategic situation for commerce and its competitive labour costs, have made this country a key objective for foreign investment, especially for Middle East countries. The agricultural sector employs around 5 million people in all parts of the country. Production quantities of cereals and other crops, vegetables, fruits in 2016 became as follows; 65 million 184 thousand tonnes for cereals and other crops, 30 million 267 thousand tonnes for vegetables,18 million 972 thousand tonnes for fruits.