The 90% of world’s olive cultivation is in the Mediterranean basin and the rest is done in Latin America. In the world, olives are obtained from about 900 million olive trees in 9 million hectares. World table olive production is around 2.87 million tons according to the average of the last five seasons.
Important olive producing countries are Spain, Italy, Greece, Tunisia, Syria andTurkey. 95% of the olive oil is produced in the Mediterranean basin, between 15 million and 22 million tonnes of olives, and between 2.4 and 3.3 million tonnes of olive oil. Turkey, is in the fourth place after Spain, Italy and Greece in the world olive production.
Olive, has found a wide spread area in Turkey. Olive production is performed in 41 of Turkey’s 81 provinces and in 270 of 843 districts. 53% of the production is in the Aegean Region, 18% in the Marmara Region, 23% in the Mediterranean Region, 6% in the Southeastern Anatolia Region and 0,2% in the Black Sea Region. 55% of the production in the Aegean Region is made for oil, while 60% of the production in Marmara Region is made for table olives. In the first half of the 2017-2018 season Turkey’s exports of table olives reached to 71 million 53 thousand dollars with a 14% increase compared to the same period of the previous season.
According to a written statement made by the Aegean Exporters Union, table olive exports, which were 62 million 225 thousand dollars in the first half of last year, reached 71 million 53 thousand dollars, reaching the highest figure of the last 4 seasons. Turkey while exports to 94 countries in table olives this season, the highest export was carried out by Germany with 23 million 263 thousand dollars.
Turkey, in the 2017-2018 season starting on October 1, exported 58 million 322 thousand dollars of black olives and exported 12 million 730 thousand dollars of green olives. According to the statements by Aegean Olive and Olive Oil Exporters Union Chairman Mr. Davut, the number of olive trees in Turkey reached 180 million after 2002 with the planting of 90 million more trees since then.
When consumption of olive oil is evaluated, it is seen that consumption is mainly concentrated in olive oil for European countries and North America, which does not produce olive oil.
With the increase of the healthy nutrition trend, the importance of olive and olive oil is increasingly emphasized. Nutritionists and doctors are encouraging consumption of olive oil, which increases awareness in the country and allows the consumer to tend to olive oil. Turkey can also find a broad space by developing and evaluating its potential well and this can lead an extention of its global market significance to take the place of the big players.