According to the compilation of Anadolu Agency’s Erkan Cihan Ünal from the Medium Term Program (MTP) for the years 2023-2025, the transition to a low carbon economy has gained importance on a global scale due to climate change.
The European Union, which has a large share in Turkey’s exports, is making progress in green transformation policies in order to achieve a zero-emission, resource-efficient and competitive economy. In the MTP period, taking into account the multifaceted effects of climate change in the environmental, social and economic fields, steps towards green transformation will continue to be taken in all areas of the economy and in all sectors within the framework of development priorities.
In this context, a medium-term low-carbon growth strategy will be put forward on the way to the net zero emission target. The amount of additional investment that the sectors will need for green transformation will be determined and support mechanisms will be planned in order to maintain their competitiveness.
Roadmaps will be prepared and practices will be encouraged for the transition of sectors to low-carbon production within the framework of best available techniques and best environmental practices. National Contribution Statement, Long-Term Climate Change Strategy and National Climate Change Action Plan preparatory works, which are carried out in line with the 2053 net zero emission target, will be completed in line with the upper policy documents, especially the development plan.
Green technology R&D projects, especially in agriculture, industry, transportation and energy sectors, will continue to be supported in order to establish the green transformation infrastructure. The investment ecosystem of technologies that contribute to emission reduction such as green hydrogen and energy storage will be developed.
Necessary measures will be taken to ensure a fair transition of the labor market to green transformation. Access to climate finance will be expanded by taking into account the needs of the private sector, and priority will be given to investments that increase efficiency, are transformative, have high added value, limit the increase in greenhouse gas emissions and increase green skills.
In order to reduce the use of resources in nature and to bring recycled raw materials into the economy, waste generated after production and consumption activities will be included in the production process again through processes in accordance with the principles of circular economy, standards for the recovered secondary product will be determined, and an incentive and guidance system will be developed.
Zero waste practices will be expanded to include households. Sustainable use of natural resources and protection of biological diversity will be ensured by increasing the size of the protected area in line with the net zero emission target. In order to reduce carbon emissions, forest assets will continue to be increased and new sink areas will be created. Investments to increase sapling and seed production and export capacity will continue.